Interference mitigation using a dual-polarized antenna array in a real environment

Matteo Sgammini, Stefano Caizzone, Achim Hornbostel, Michael Meurer

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: This paper presents a new approach to interference mitigation. We propose to equip a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver with a diversely polarized antenna array in order to combine signal processing in the spatial and polarization domains in a novel way. The new algorithm is evaluated using measurement data, and results show significant improvement in receiver robustness against interferences when the dual-polarization approach is used. Two specific benefits come to light. First, the carrier-to-noise-density ratios of the line-of-sight components are improved since the receiver can make use of the power present on the left-hand circularly polarized (LHCP) channels because of non-ideal polarization purity of the antenna, resulting in better receiver computed position, velocity, and time (PVT) solutions. Second, interference mitigation becomes more effective because of the possibility of filtering in the polarization domain and the additional number of available degrees of freedom, increasing receiver robustness and enabling tracking and PVT in severe interference scenarios.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 66, Number 3
Pages: 523 - 535
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