Robust transform domain signal processing for GNSS

Daniele Borio and Pau Closas

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Robust signal processing techniques are effective mitigation approaches that can enable Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver operations even in the presence of strong interference. We extend robust GNSS signal processing to the case where interference admits a sparse representation in a transform domain (TD). More specifically, an orthonormal transformation is used to project the received GNSS samples into an appropriate TD. Robust signal processing strategies are then applied. The robust transform domain (RTD) cross-ambiguity function (CAF) is obtained by applying a zero-memory nonlinearity (ZMNL) to the TD samples, which, in turn, are used for the evaluation of the CAF. Different nonlinearities are analyzed and different implementations for the evaluation of the RTD CAF are proposed. The RTD approach is characterized from a theoretical point of view, with the usage of Monte Carlo simulations and through the processing of GNSS signals generated with a hardware simulator.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 66, Number 2
Pages: 305 - 323
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