Precise Orbit and Baseline Determination for the SAOCOM-CS Bistatic Radar Mission

Oliver Montenbruck, Gerardo Allende-Alba, Josep Rosello, Michel Tossaint, Franz Zangerl

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: This paper presents an overview of the SAOCOM-CS synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry mission and the use of GPS/GNSS for precise orbit and baseline determination. Compared to X-band SAR interferometry missions, the use of L-band SAR in SAOCOM-CS poses less stringent (sub-centimeter rather than mm-level) requirements on the baseline accuracy. At the same time, however, the use of dissimilar spacecraft and GNSS receivers implies a less than optimal precondition for carrier phase differential GPS (CDGPS) navigation and is likely to degrade the baseline determination accuracy compared to ideal conditions. Based on GPS data collected in previous formation flying missions, the achievable baseline performance in SAOCOM-CS is assessed and recommendations for the most suitable processing scheme are given.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 65, Number 1
Pages: 15 - 24
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