The Next Generation GPS Time

Ken L. Senior and Michael J. Coleman

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The next generation Global Positioning System (GPS) ground control segment will entail a number of GPS ground system upgrades from the existing ground control segment. One of these upgrades is the inclusion of a new modernized timescale algorithm used to generate GPS Time. The timescale is currently being designed as a separate modular unit (given the acronym ETF, or Ensemble Timescale Filter) within the ground system navigation package and is based upon a U-D Kalman Filter implementation that utilizes measurements of all clocks in the ground network and satellite constellation. The new ETF module will include a number of features that improve the stability of the GPS Time timescale and provide more user/operator autonomy to include: multi-weight clock weighting for better handling of mixed clock types in the same filter; automated clock break detection and handling; robust outlier and anomalous clock behavior mitigation; admission of multiple external timescale solutions, including alternate ETF realizations; and adaptive clock parameter estimation. The preliminary results presented in this paper demonstrate some of the performance capabilities and robustness characteristics of the ETF.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 64, Number 4
Pages: 411 - 426
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