Flight Characterization of New Generation GNSS Satellite Clocks

O. Montenbruck, P. Steigenberger, E. Schönemann, A. Hauschild, U. Hugentobler, R. Dach and M. Becker

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The passive hydrogenmaser of GIOVE-B and the new GPS Block IIF Rubidium clock have demonstrated a superior stability in ground tests. In practice, however, the apparent clock performance for GNSS users is limited by measurement errors and imperfections of the signal chain that affect the clock variance at different time scales. Within this paper, we provide a direct comparison of the apparent clock performance for GIOVE-B and the first Block IIF satellite (SVN62). Periodic errors in the apparent clocks of both satellites are analyzed and an effort is made to separate the impact of orbit determination errors from physical clock or line bias variations. For SVN62 an empirical clock correction model is discussed, which offers a notable reduction of the Allan variance at orbital time scales. Furthermore, triple-frequency observations are used to demonstrate the presence of thermally induced line bias variations and to quantify the resulting inter-frequency clock biases.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 59, Number 4
Pages: 291 - 302
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