INERTIAL NAVIGATION IN SUBMARINE POLAR OPERATIONS OF 1958

T. E. Curtis and J. M. Slater

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: IN OPERATION SUNSHINE, the nuclearpowered submarine USS Nautilus traveled submerged from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean via the North Pole with the aid of inertial navigation. This marked the first operational application of inertial navigation in a combatant vessel. The feat of Nautilus was followed immediately by operations of USS Skate in the Polar ice pack. Also aided by inertial navigation, Skate operated in the ice pack for 10 days and 14 hours, making nine surfacings through the ice, two transits of the North Pole, and one circle around the Pole in 50 minutes. Skate navigated to make one of these nine surfacings right in the center of IGY Station Alpha on the ice at latitude 85°N.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 6, Number 5
Pages: 275 - 283
Cite this article: Curtis, T. E., Slater, J. M., "INERTIAL NAVIGATION IN SUBMARINE POLAR OPERATIONS OF 1958", NAVIGATION, Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 6, No. 5, 1959, pp. 275-283.
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