George Rand

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: THIS PAPER discusses the uses and operating principles of sonar, and describes several types of fleet sonar equipment in current use. Fundamentals of transducer design are outlined, including a discussion of the three types of active elements, Directional and range characteristics of underwater sound propagation are analyzed, and an illustrative problem presents actual calculations of sonar characteristics for a typical system.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 6, Number 4
Pages: 203 - 216
Cite this article: Rand, George, "SONAR AND THE FOURTH DIMENSION", NAVIGATION: Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1958-1959, pp. 203-216.
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