C. Abramowski

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The influence of ships' automation on manning personnel is examined. The short-comings, and causes of availability of skilled personnel is discussed. The necessity of reorganization of academic standards, and licensing, as well as reeducation is touched upon. The general scope of a retraining program is proposed. The coordination of education, training, and standardization of automation is introduced, to satisfy immediate and gradual future needs. Organization of future ships' manning, and maintenance forces, on board, and ashore is explored. A cooperative comity for retraining, education, licensing, and standardization of automated equipment is proposed, under teh auspices of the "Institute of Navigation."
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 13, Number 1
Pages: 63 - 67
Cite this article: Abramowski, C., "AUTOMATION AND PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS ON MERCHANT MARINE SHIPS", NAVIGATION: Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 13, No. 1, Spring 1966, pp. 63-67.
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