A SURVEY OF SATELLITE-BASED SYSTEMS FOR NAVIGATION, POSITION SURVEILLANCE, TRAFFIC CONTROL, AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE

Keith D. McDonald

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: During the past several years there has been increasing interest, attention and commitment directed toward exploiting the capabilities and potential of satellite-based position determination systems. The utility of satellite systems has been extended from surface navigation and geodetic applications into air and space, and to other functional areas such as position surveillance for air traffic control, precise time and time transfer, international maritime and aeronautical position location and reporting scrvices, and collision avoidance. This paper provides a summary of the satellite system concepts, orbital deployments and measurement techniques on which the accomplishment of the various applications is based. The systems and system concepts discussed include: Transit, the Navy Navigational Satellite System; the expanded Transit and Transit improvement program concepts; the Two-In-View configuration; the Defense Navigation Satellite System, including the Systrm 621B and the Timation system concepts; the NASA Position Location and Communication Equipment (PLACE) experiment; the Maritime Satellite program of the Department of Commerce’s Maritime Administration; the DOT/FAA Aeronautical Satellite Program; the Location, Identification by Transmission (LIT) and Satellke ATC and Navigation (SATAN) systems; the DOT’s Advanced Air Traffic Management System concepts, and the FAA’s recently developed ASTRO-DABS concept.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 20, Number 4
Pages: 301 - 320
Cite this article: McDonald, Keith D., "A SURVEY OF SATELLITE-BASED SYSTEMS FOR NAVIGATION, POSITION SURVEILLANCE, TRAFFIC CONTROL, AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE", NAVIGATION, Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1973-1974, pp. 301-320.
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