THE MILITARY CHARTMAKER: TWO CENTURIES OF SUPPORT TO NAVIGATION

S. D. Cramer, Jr.

Abstract: The Defense Mapping Agency (DMA), established in 1972 by Executive Order of the President, is responsible for producing and distributing mapping, charting, and geodetic products and services that are essential to safe and accurate land, sea and air navigation, and to the effectiveness of weapon systems. DMA also is required by statute to support the Merchant Marine worldwide except for United States territorial waters. This paper reviews two hundred years of service to navigation by the American military explorer and chartmaker and some of the technology that changed our knowledge of the earth. It suggests that navigational science will have an inevitable and dramatic role in the next century in exploring and harvesting the resources of the new ocean frontier.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 23, Number 4
Pages: 334 - 338
Cite this article: Cramer, S. D., Jr.,, "THE MILITARY CHARTMAKER: TWO CENTURIES OF SUPPORT TO NAVIGATION", NAVIGATION, Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 23, No. 4, Winter 1976-1977, pp. 334-338.
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