THE GPS NAVIGATION MESSAGE (SPACE SEGMENT)

A. J. Van Dierendonck, S. S. Russel, E. R. Kopitzke and M. Birnbaum

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The GPS users continuously receive navigation information from the GPS Space Vehicles in the form of data bits modulated on the received signals. This information, which is computed and controlled by the GPS Control Segment, includes the vehicle’s time, its clock correction and ephemeris parameters, almanacs and health for all GPS Space Vehicles, and text messages. From this information the Users compute the Space Vehicle’s precise position and clock offset and less precise positions and clock offsets of Space Vehicles yet to be acquired. The GPS Navigation Message design process included numerous trade studies which weighed various representations and algorithms against variables such as message size, accuracy, update frequency, User computational requirements, and legacy for the operational GPS. Other factors such as graceful degradation and future User requirements were also considered. Finally, upon selecting the appropriate design structure, the design was fine tuned to its final form and User algorithm implementation trade-offs were performed. The representation algorithms and User algorithms were jointly tested using a simulated Space Vehicle ephemeris trajectory and Space Vehicle clock. The results of these tests demonstrate that the User models represent the simulated ephemeris and clock to within 0.01 meters with precise parameters, and to within 0.1 meters with truncated parameters.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 25, Number 2
Pages: 147 - 165
Cite this article: Van Dierendonck, A. J., Russel, S. S., Kopitzke, E. R., Birnbaum, M., "THE GPS NAVIGATION MESSAGE (SPACE SEGMENT)", NAVIGATION, Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 25, No. 2, Summer 1978, pp. 147-165.
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