G. R. Marner

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Due to the peaceful and defensive posture of the United States and its allies, the times and locations of any needed military operations are unknown. Our desire to minimize military expenditures prevents us from maintaining large forces at ah locations where difficulties might arise. We therefore face the prospect that our forces may be called upon to conduct tactical operations opposing numerically superior forces with little prior notice. The requirements for mobility, adaptability and effectiveness therefore continue to grow. Under these circumstances, the role of tactical aviation has become increasingly important. Besides the traditional functions of close air support, cargo and troop transport, medical evacuation and battlefield observation, greatly expanded activity in reconnaissance and aerial fire support is expected. Moreover, it is desired to extend operations into night and adverse weather conditions since opposing ground forces can operate under adverse conditions. In some areas the numerical force unbalance also includes a large disparity in armored vehicles, so close support fiied wing aircraft and attack helicopters need target acquisition, fire control and weapons adequate to blunt armored attack. In recent years there has been an increase in numbers and kinds of air defense systems. Their capabilities have been extended through improvements in optical and radar fire control systems and by the use of missile seekers providing terminal guidance. In many circumstances, therefore, it wilI be necessary to minimize the line of sight exposure to hostile territory. Flight must be conducted at low altitude and terrain feature shielding must be sought. The desired improvements in tactical aviation performance are made difficult by this requirement to minimize exposure.
Published in: NAVIGATION: Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 26, Number 3
Pages: 219 - 223
Cite this article: Marner, G. R., "TACTICAL AIR NAVIGATION", NAVIGATION: Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 26, No. 3, Fall 1979, pp. 219-223.
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