INTEGRATION OF GPS RECEIVERS INTO EXISTING INTERNAL NAVIGATION SYSTEMS

D. A. Tazartes and J. G. Mark

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: Many inertial navigation systems of both platform and ring laser strapdown types are currently in service. This paper discusses the possibility and desirability of incorporating a small GPS receiver in these systems. Advances in technology such as microprocessors, gate arrays, and surface mount devices allow the existing INS electronics to be replaced in a reduced volume. The remaining space in many cases is sufficient to permit the insertion of a small GPS receiver. Locating the GPS receiver in an inertial navigation system (INS) solves many of the usual system integration problems. Tight coupling between the GPS and INS can be achieved since data latency is minimized and well controlled. In such a configuration, rate aiding of the GPS is easily achieved. This approach also leads to greater flexibility and enhanced overall performance since all GPS and INS data are simultaneously available. While not providing the ultimate in redundancy, the integrated INS/GPS approach does offer greater simplicity with enhanced performance. This discussion primarily focuses on military systems. Nevertheless, the proposed techniques also are applicable to commercial units.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 35, Number 1
Pages: 105 - 120
Cite this article: Tazartes, D. A., Mark, J. G., "INTEGRATION OF GPS RECEIVERS INTO EXISTING INTERNAL NAVIGATION SYSTEMS", NAVIGATION, Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 35, No. 1, Spring 1988, pp. 105-120.
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