PREDICTED SOLAR FLARE ACTIVITY FOR THE 1990s: POSSIBLE EFFECTS ON NAVIGATION SYSTEMS

J. M. Kunches and J. W. Hirman

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The current solar cycle, which began in September 1986, may prove to be the highest ever, as measured by sunspot numbers and radio flux. The cycle’s frequent and strong solar flare activity can be illustrated by the March 1989 episode, which caused many problems for navigation systems. Flares and the geomagnetic storms that sometimes accompany them can disrupt low-frequency systems such as Loran-C, as well as the satellite-borne GPS. Although the maximum of the solar cycle is expected during the first quarter of 1990, flare activity is likely to persist at high levels for a few years to follow. Geomagnetic activity may occur at any time in the cycle, and thus geomagnetic disruptions are possible at any point in the 1990s.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 37, Number 2
Pages: 169 - 180
Cite this article: Kunches, J. M., Hirman, J. W., "PREDICTED SOLAR FLARE ACTIVITY FOR THE 1990s: POSSIBLE EFFECTS ON NAVIGATION SYSTEMS", NAVIGATION, Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 37, No. 2, Summer 1990, pp. 169-180.
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