THE COAST GUARD'S DIFFERENTIAL GPS PROGRAM

D. H. Alsip, J. M. Butler, and J. T. Radice

Peer Reviewed

Abstract: The U.S. Coast Guard has a project to provide differential GPS service for harbor and harbor approach (HHA) areas of the coastal United States. The Great Lakes, Puerto Rico, and most of Alaska and Hawaii will also be covered by the service. The Coast Guard’s DGPS system will fulfill the 8-20 m navigation accuracy requirement for HHA with an availability of up to 99.9 percent. The Coast Guard intends to provide this service to the general public and other government agencies, as well as use the system for its own missions. This capability is expected to enhance maritime safety in keeping with the National Transportation Policy by providing an all-weather radionavigation service to supplement existing radar and visual techniques, as well as a highly accurate position sensor for future electronic chart displays. This paper describes the Coast Guard’s program. Background and historical information on the development of pseudorange differential GPS is presented first, followed by a description of currently available technology. Various aspects of the Coast Guard’s plan for implementing DGPS are then described, concluding with a rough project time line and a statement concerning federal DGPS policy.
Published in: NAVIGATION, Journal of the Institute of Navigation, Volume 39, Number 4
Pages: 345 - 362
Cite this article: Alsip, D. H., Butler, J. M., Radice, J. T., "THE COAST GUARD'S DIFFERENTIAL GPS PROGRAM", NAVIGATION, Journal of The Institute of Navigation, Vol. 39, No. 4, Winter 1992-1993, pp. 345-362.
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