General Chair: Dr. Gary McGraw, Collins Aerospace
Vice Chair: Dr. Mathieu Joerger, Virginia Tech
Program Chair: Dr. Zak Kassas, University of California, Irvine
Tutorials Chair: Dr. Chris Bartone, Ohio University
Program Track Chairs:
Dr. Alexander Trusov, Northrop Grumman
Dr. Pau Closas, Northeastern University
Dr. Christian Gentner, German Aersopace Center (DLR), Germany
Dr. Robert Leishman, Air Force Institute of Technology
Advances in MEMS-based Inertial Sensors and Inertial Measurement Units (Invited Session)
Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technology has been an attractive approach for implementation of precision inertial sensors. Significant advances have been made, and we see a footprint of the technology in an ever-growing consumer electronics market full of interactive products enabled by MEMS inertial sensors. These products include, for example, accelerometers for gaming, gyros for auto safety, complete Inertial Measurement Units (IMU) for health monitoring, and more. The questions remain: Is the technology really on the level of what we consider to be precision inertial sensing? When, if ever, will MEMS technology be able to replace the conventionally machined and highly precise inertial instruments, which are still large, bulky, expensive, and power hungry? This special session will review the advances made in creating low cost, size, weight and power inertial sensor solutions for navigation in harsh environments. Experts will discuss the development of state-of-the-art sensors for operation under high dynamics and sen-sors that self-calibrate, miniature timing and inertial measurement units for ubiquitous deployment, and miniature atom-based inertial sensors for extended operation. This session will inspire and engage the research community in the quest for a chip-scale solution of prolong self-contained navigation.
Dr. Andrei Shkel, University of California, Irvine
Dr. Ronald Polcawich, DARPA
Alternative Sensors for Aiding INSs and Precision Timing
Alternative sensor technologies and techniques to aid inertial navigation systems. Applications include eLoran, vision, stellar, and cold atom sensors, gravimeters, and magnetometers. Alternative sensor technologies and techniques to provide preci-sion timing, time synchronization and time transfer with emphasis on compact, low-power, and high-performance atomic clocks.
Dr. Adam Schofield, CCDC/C5ISR, U.S. Army
Dr. Charles Toth, The Ohio State University
High Performance Inertial Sensor Technologies
High accuracy inertial sensors capable of providing navigation/strategic grade perfor-mance. Applications include precision free inertial navigation, antenna stabilization and pointing. Sensor calibration (including self calibration) and testing techniques to achieve high performance. Real data is strongly preferred over simulations.
Brian Fly, Kearfott
Michael Payne, Navigation Technology Associates
Inertial Measurement Units (IMU)
IMUs/IRUs for space, missiles, aircraft, weapons, land vehicles. IMU/IRU calibration and compensation. Tactical, navigation, and strategic grade. Multi-axes and combo sensors for IMU/IRU. IMU/IRU electronics and software techniques. Includes testing and calibration techniques.
Burgess Johnson, Honeywell
Sam Dimashkie, EMCORE
Integrated Inertial Navigation Systems
New developments in inertial navigation systems. Tactical, navigation, and strategic grade systems. Open system architectures for INS. Calibration, error modeling, and compensation. Includes testing and calibration techniques.
Dr. Yuanxin Wu, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Dr. Terry Moore, University of Nottingham, UK
Small Size or Low Cost Inertial Sensor Technologies
Low cost manufacturing, packaging, calibration and test of inertial sensors. Small Size inertial sensors capable of providing near-navigation grade performance. Includes sensor electronics and control loop mechanization. Sensor calibration, modeling, and self-calibration techniques for achieving high performance. The latest advances on inertial sensors for applications where C-SWAP are key criteria. Low cost and inte-grated aiding sensors. Real data is strongly preferred over simulations.
Ryan Knight, Army Research Lab
Dr. Alissa Fitzgerald, AMFitzgerald
Frontiers of GNSS (Invited Session)
Today, there are four global satellite navigation systems and several regional sys-tems that are either fully operational or will soon reach this milestone. Where is the frontier of GNSS and where is it headed? This invited session will explore this topic. The discussion of frontiers include: performance of current systems, proposed mod-ernization/evolution of systems and their predicted performance, new applications and niche markets, innovative combinations of GNSS with sensors and augmentation systems, and emerging challenges/threats.
Dr. Chris Hegarty, The MITRE Corporation
Modeling of ionospheric and tropospheric effects. Use of single- and multi-frequency receivers for atmospheric studies. Novel signal processing and machine learning methods for characterization and mitigation of atmospheric effects. Forecasting, now-casting, kriging. New application scenarios and mapping functions.
Dr. Zhe (Jenny) Yang, University of Colorado Boulder
Dr. Jiyun Lee, KAIST, South Korea
GNSS Integrity and Augmentation Systems
Integrity algorithms for Safety-of-Life applications that make use of ARAIM, GBAS, SBAS and other GNSS technologies. Integrity of sensor fusion and integrity budgets of individual sensors and sensor faults. Error modeling and bounding, protection level concepts, fault detection and exclusion, and satellite selection. Detection and handling of constellation-wide faults and system-level failures. New augmentation systems and principles, multi-constellation systems, and integrity of PNT systems that complement GNSS (LTE, 5G, DME/VOR/TACAN, LDACS, eLORAN).
Dr. Juan Blanch, Stanford University
Dr. Okuary Osechas, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany
GNSS Resilience to Interference, Jamming, and Spoofing
Robust GNSS solutions, through complementary PNT (CPNT) or other means. Applications in robust positioning and secure time transfer. Threat modeling, assess-ment, and mitigation. Detection and mitigation measures at RF and baseband levels. Impact of security measures on the reliability and integrity of GNSS.
Dr. Daniele Borio, Joint Research Centre, European Union, Italy
Dr. Andrew Dempster, University New South Wales, Australia
Precise GNSS Positioning
Precise positioning with GNSS Real Time Kinematic (RTK) techniques and/or multi-sensor setups (e.g., INS). Multi-frequency and multi-constellation PPP/RTK. Low-cost single frequency PPP/RTK. Heading and attitude determination using multiple anten-nas. Multipath mitigation techniques.
Dr. Miguel Angel Ribot, Albora Technologies, UK
Dr. Kyle O’Keefe, The University of Calgary, Canada
Receiver Design, Signal Processing, and Antenna Technology
GNSS antennas, receivers, and processing methods for improving accuracy, reliability, or robustness. Methods including tracking loops, direct positioning, optimum and suboptimal multi-antenna systems, beamforming, polarization, and direction-of-arrival methods. Baseband signal processing, and software-defined implementations.
Dr. Thomas Pany, University of Munich, Germany
Dr. Sanjeev Gunawardena, Air Force Institute of Technology
Positioning with Non-GNSS Radio Signals (Invited Session)
Positioning based on terrestrial radio systems, such as dedicated transmitters or signals of opportunity from high-powered broadcasts, enable both outdoor and indoor coverage, but their accuracy is often limited to meters or tens of meters. Other wireless systems based on Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, or ultra wideband transceivers could be used to further enhance indoor positioning coverage, and decimeter-level accuracy could be achieved if a service provider is willing to pay the price of densely deployed infrastructure nodes. However with the advent of a number of technologies such as fifth-generation 5(G) cellular systems, fine timing measurements in Wi-Fi systems, millimeter wave transceivers (for both cellular and Wi-Fi systems), and machine learning algorithms to address channel modeling uncertainties, there are many new opportunities for improving the performance of these systems. This session will focus on non-GNSS radio technologies, explore the vast possibilities for positioning which significantly enhance coverage, reduce cost, or improve accuracy compared to the current state of the art. Presentations can take the form of theoretical, simulation, or experimental results. Presentations may include novel system designs that combine non-GNSS RF with other modalities to enable new tracking and communication capabilities for application realms such as IoT devices and autonomous vehicles.
Dr. Gonzalo Seco Granados, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain
Dr. Howard Huang, Nokia Bell Labs
Collaborative and Networked Navigation
Developments and techniques for exploiting network connectivity to assist and improve navigation. Efforts for supplying accurate up-to-date information to navigation processors. Sharing of data for relative navigation solutions within a defined group, multi-node collaborative signal processing, and providing navigation-related information for activities and applications requiring complex coordination such as search and rescue, autonomous cooperative systems, V2X, etc. Crowd sourcing/cloud-based computing for navigation and position authentication purposes.
Dr. Solmaz Kia, University of California, Irvine
Dr. Michael Angermann, Google
Multisensor Integrated Systems and Sensor Fusion Technologies
Systems and algorithms involving innovative ways of integrating traditional aiding sensors or new aiding sources into multisensory integrated navigation systems. Test results showing the expanded use or improvement of the accuracy, availability, and/or integrity performance of multisensory navigation systems. Processing algorithms and methods for multisensory systems. Simulation programs for performance predictions and algorithms for multisensory fault detection and isolation.
Dr. Dorota Grejner-Brzezinska, The Ohio State University
Dr. Jason Gross, University of West Virginia
Navigation Using Environmental Features
New navigation techniques using natural and man-made features of the surrounding environment including visual and acoustic features, magnetic and gravitational fields, celestial objects, sferics, stars, microclimate, odors and particulates, shadows, occlusions, etc. Topics on new feature classes, new sensors, and/or new algorithms including new signal processing techniques for environmental features. Feature classification, recognition and association. Cooperative data distribution and 3-D mapping. New positioning algorithms using proximity, pattern matching, ranging, and/or angular positioning; and navigation using multiple classes of environmental feature and context detection.
Dr. Allison Kealy, RMIT University, Australia
Dr. Li-Ta Hsu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Signals of Opportunity-based Navigation Systems
Integration of terrestrial-based systems for improved navigation performance, including Loran, VOR, DME, TACAN, ILS, MLS, NDB, etc. New or improved terrestrial-based navigation systems based on the use of Wi-Fi, broadcast television, cellular communications or other signals of opportunity. Emerging indoor GNSS-augmentation messaging and navigation systems.
Dr. Ramsey Faragher, Focal Point Positioning, UK
Dr. Jiwon Seo, Yonsei University, South Korea
Vision-based Navigation Systems
Systems and advanced algorithms related to emerging vision-based navigation applications in GNSS-challenged environments. Integration of data from multiple sensors for combined situational awareness and navigation. Vision sensor modeling, calibration, data processing and image feature extraction. Feasibility analysis and challenges of vision-based navigation.
Chen Zhu, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany
Dr. Ji Zhang, Carnegie Mellon University
Autonomous Vehicle Navigation in Challenging Environments (Invited Session)
The era of autonomous vehicles is fast approaching, but it remains unclear whether driverless vehicles will meet the public’s and regulators’ expectations for safety once they are released on the mass market. Urban navigation, for example, will be subject to frequent GNSS satellite blockages due to buildings and other obstructions in the surrounding environment. Maintaining navigation continuity and integrity in such environments using GNSS alone will be impossible. Likewise, systems relying heavily on vision or Lidar will fare poorly in bad weather. Fusion of data from a diverse set of sensors and from external sources will be mandatory. This session will review the most recent advances in technology to enable safe navigation in challenging environments. The proposed solutions include integration of GNSS with inertial, laser, radar, vision systems and signals of opportunity, map matching, as well as reshaping of local streetscape (environmental) infrastructure. This session will raise awareness of the difficulties associated with maintaining, and even quantifying, navigation integrity and continuity for autonomous vehicles in the future, and expose researchers to today’s cutting-edge technologies.
Dr. Todd Humphreys, University of Texas at Austin
Dr. Boris Pervan, Illinois Institute of Technology
Aerial Vehicle Navigation
Guidance, navigation, and perception systems for manned and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Collaborative UAV navigation. Map building for UAV operations. Teleoperation of UAVs. Navigation in GNSS-denied/challenged environments. Sense and avoid for UAVs operating in the national airspace. Specific UAV applications, their requirements, and particular challenges or constraints. Validation and verification of navigation systems for manned and unmanned aerial vehicles.
Dr. Demoz Gebre-Egziabher, University of Minnesota
Dr. Clark Taylor, Air Force Institute of Technology
Ground Vehicle Navigation
Sensing, perception, and map building in ground vehicle operations (single and multiple vehicles). Guidance, navigation, and control (GNC) systems for autonomous or semi-autonomous ground vehicle systems. Driverless car navigation in GNSS-denied/challenged environments. Sensing for visual interfaces of driver-assistance systems. Requirements for ground vehicle GNC systems. Validation and verification of ground vehicle GNC systems. Algorithms and tools for global path planning and local obstacle avoidance.
Dr. David Bevly, Auburn University
Dr. Victoria Kropp, BMW, Germany
Marine Vehicle Navigation
New concepts, advances, and algorithms related to surface and underwater navigation. Use of inertial navigation, terrain-based navigation, and geomagnetic fields in underwater vehicle navigation. Advances in acoustic devices for bathymetry, position location, and velocity measurement and their application to underwater vehicles. Bio-inspired underwater navigation. Development and application of new broadband technology sonar elements. Collaborative navigation of surface and unmanned underwater vehicles. Transponder localization and SLAM-type approaches for surface and underwater vehicle navigation.
Bryan Hoffman, SPAWAR
Dr. Lonnie Parker, Naval Undersea Warfare Center
Robotic and Indoor Navigation
Navigation, localization, and map building by indoor robots. Collaborative robot navigation. Pose estimation for humans and robots. Human motion modeling. Semantics for robot navigation. Perception of the environment for humanoid robot operations. Cell phone-based navigation systems for personal and indoor navigation. Systems for emergency responder navigation. Applications of raw GNSS measurements from smart phones. Applications for health and well-being (medical devices and sports).
Dr. Mohammed Khider, Google
Dr. Vibhor Bageshwar, Honeywell
Space Navigation and Observation
Use of small satellites for space weather sensing, space situational awareness, space asset servicing, and space science measurements. Sensors for formation operation and operational environment sensing. Algorithms and hardware for guidance, navigation, and control for space vehicles. Novel methods for terrestrial testing of space navigation systems and algorithms. GPS-denied orbital navigation. Stellar and pulsar navigation. Future space navigation applications. Ground monitoring and observation of space objects.
Dr. Randy Christensen, Utah State University
Dr. Costantinos Zagaris, Air Force Institute of Technology
Tutorials, Monday, April 20
Tutorial topics are listed below. Course details and registration information will be in the conference program.
Submit abstracts via the Abstract Management Portal no later than October 30, 2019. If you have not used the Abstract Management Portal before, click “Create My Account”. Once signed in, click on the PLANS conference and complete the form.
Completed manuscripts must be uploaded to the Abstract Management Portal by February 3, 2020. Manuscripts will be reviewed by independent referees and designated as a primary paper, or as an alternate paper, in the onsite program based on peer review of the full manuscripts. Manuscripts not received by February 3 are subject to withdrawal from the conference. Manuscripts will only be peer reviewed one time. Authors will have the opportunity to make corrections/revisions to manuscripts through May 1, 2020. However, manuscripts not meeting peer review standards during the first review are not re-reviewed for inclusion in the IEEE Xplorer proceedings.
To be included in the conference proceedings:
PLANS manuscripts will be eligible for Best Paper Award, including the IEEE’s Walter Fried Award, PLANS Student Award, and the Best in Track Award. Papers will be posted on the PLANS website for full conference registrants to view on a complimentary basis until the electronic proceedings are circulated.