Team Position Determining for Real-Time Operational Visualization, Assignment, and Interaction Planning
Yaniv Mordecai and Boris Kantsepolsky, Technion -Israel Institute of Technology, Irael
During military, law enforcement, public safety, emergency management, and disaster response operations, there is a need to deploy and engage multiple field teams in order to perform various tasks, respond to incident reports from the field, and collect data and information for transmission to the central control. Positions of individual agents in the field are relatively easy to track using common radio or satellite positioning technologies, and relatively trivial to display on common map-based visualization platforms. The bigger problem for control centers is in the ability to manage teams rather than individual agents, and to visualize and activate teams of agents for performing various activities and tasks based on positions and other characteristics. Such teams may be profession-based units (e.g. search & rescue, canine, or hazardous materials), pre-organized squads, ad-hoc task forces, or incidental rendezvous. The control center has need of various dynamic aggregation and segmentation of team-member positions and position-based team-building, assigning, tracking, and interacting. In this paper we define the "team positioning problem" (TPP) and the position-based team management (PBTM) concept. We review some of the more trivial aggregation and segmentation techniques and propose several innovative techniques for team positioning and position-based team management. We demonstrate the applicability of this approach in the context of a large-scale emergency management operation.