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Session D1b: NAVWAR: Situational Awareness

Orienting the Warfighting OODA Loop (OWL)
Renee A. Yazdi, Canyon Consulting; Madeleine Naudeau, Air Force Research Labs; Joseph P. Lortie, Jr, Defense Aerospace Consultant; L. Kevin Slimak, Canyon Consulting; Brian Zufelt, COSMIAC UNM
Location: Ballroom B
Alternate Number 2

Warfare throughout history follows a pattern: action and reaction, which in turn produces a counter-reaction and the process continues. This is exactly what we are seeing in the world of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) today. GPS was conceived to provide global, proliferated, assured and accurate PNT at any time desired, with a low power signal being sufficient to do the job. But, as adversaries saw the benefits that the US gained from GPS, they responded by countering GPS. We, in turn, are seeking to counter with advanced signals and systems currently under development or the focus of current R&D: advanced waveforms, receivers and satellite technologies. All of this, such as the introduction of M-code and of a regional beam, has occurred at a strategic level/pace. But, there exists a potential to accelerate our process using advanced technologies. For this to be truly significant, we must master and accelerate what John Boyd characterized as the Observe-Orient-Decide-Act (OODA) loop for PNT, essentially enabling us to act and respond faster than our adversaries.
Much of the research to date has focused on how we might act by reconfiguring our PNT systems (i.e. Act), but to close the PNT OODA loop, we must also address critical deficiencies in sensors, ability to orient sensors and shooters, decision making tools, and connectivity. Observation must go beyond traditional NAVWAR electronic sensing of jamming/spoofing and extend to mapping of the pertinent RF spectrum to enable us to better exploit the spectrum for alternate signals, spot beams, AND communications….taking a significant step towards PNT and Communication convergence. Ultimately, a fully capable electronic sensing system that is integrated into the OODA loop is the next step in leveraging the new waveforms, reconfigurability, and higher power. An Integrated approach to Orienting the OODA loop will be presented at a high level during this talk.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Public Affairs release approval #___AFRL-2021-0148 __.



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