Lucy Icking, Institut für Erdmessung, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany; Guohao Zhang, Li-Ta Hsu, Interdisciplinary Division of Aeronautical and Aviation Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China; Steffen Schön, Institut für Erdmessung, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany

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In urban environments, non-line-of-sight (NLOS) signal conditions are a major error contributor for GNSS positioning, the signal delay can reach up to more than one hundred meters due to reflection in urban canyons such as Hong Kong. Collaborative positioning between traffic participants can help to eliminate common errors, but comprehensive analyses on how to find common errors in cities and how to quantify them are required. In this study, we present a new method for finding locations in urban areas with similar extra path delays on the basis of ray-tracing with 3D building models, exemplarily for an urban canyon in Hong Kong. Using the 2D Pearson correlation coefficient, we calculate the spatial correlation of reflection extra paths at two locations to generate a similarity measure. With this measure, we quantify the amount of similar errors at two locations. In realistic simulations, we show that two locations with highly correlated extra path delays show better results concerning single-difference error correction and relative positioning errors. The single differences show that for the selected area in Hong Kong, the higher the spatial correlation, the higher the amount of common extra path delays. Furthermore, we are able to show that the mean relative positioning error can be reduced from 42.4 m for a low correlation pair of agents to 12.7 m for a high spatial correlation pair.