2005 Fellow

Presented to: BGen (retired) Keith R. Greenaway

Citation: For his authority and extensive experience with arctic air navigation, his years of study and research in the subject, and his ever-ready willingness and ability to teach others.


Keith R. Greenaway has been associated with the north in various capacities for over half a century, an air navigator with the Canadian Forces for over three decades, and subsequently senior science advisor with the Department of Northern Development. He has been a member of the Institute of Navigation since 1948, and served on the Council in the 1960's.

In the 1940's, while a member of a joint U.S.-Canada unit testing a navigation aid for high latitudes, he was involved in studying directional gyroscope-chart relationships in latitudes of extreme meridional convergency and where the proximity of the Magnetic Pole precluded using the magnetic compass for maintaining the desired direction. This culminated in development of the "earth convergency grid" first used commercially by Scandinavian Airlines System on their high latitude flights. On one of many arctic flights, BGen. Greenaway discovered and photographed Ice Island T3, which was later occupied by scientific parties; later he noted and reported that Borden Island was actually two islands. In May 1946, one flight crossed the North Geographic Pole establishing a first for a U.S. military aircraft.

He co-authored "An Aerial Reconnaissance of Arctic North America" in 1948, using reconnaissance material gathered in previous years. His contribution to the science of polar navigation resulted in his receiving the ION Thurlow Award in 1951.

During a six-year secondment with the Arctic Section of the Defence Research Board, BGen. Greenaway worked on matters related to northern Canada and its environs. At the request of the RCAF he prepared a text on "Arctic Air Navigation," which was published in 1951 and widely used. In 1956 he co-authored "Arctic Canada from the Air," the first detailed geographic text of the Canadian arctic. His secondment was followed by duty with the USAF Strategic Air Command assisting in navigating polar routes. In 1958, at the invitation of the U.S. Navy, he joined the crew of a ZPG-2 airship in navigating to Ice Island T-3...the last LTA craft to visit the polar regions.

In 1959 BGen. Greenaway was appointed commander of the RCAF Central Navigation School, a postgraduate facility where he pioneered the current aerospace systems course.

On retirement from the Canadian Forces in 1971, BGen. Greenaway was commissioned by a federal interdepartmental committee on northern development to draft guidelines and priorities for northern research. Subsequently, he was named senior science advisor to the Department of Northern Development where he continued his interests in northern research and development.

In recognition of BGen. Greenaway's contributions, books and numerous other publications, he has received many honors and awards including the Order of Canada and two honorary doctoral degrees.